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FACULTY OF CANON LAW
Courses of Study
Official Examinations, Promotion and Disqualifications
A. MAIN SUBJECTS
General Norms - I (Bk. I, cc. 1-95)
Scope of the Code of Canon law. Ecclesiastical Laws and Customs. General Decrees and Instructions. Singular Administrative Acts: Decrees and Precepts, Rescripts, Privileges and Dispensations. Statutes and Ordinances.
General Norms - II (Bk. I, cc. 96-203)
Status of Physical and Juridical Persons. Juridical Acts. Power of Governance. Ecclesiastical Offices. Prescription. The Reckoning of Time.
Christ's Faithful - I: Sacred Ministers of Clerics (Bk. II, cc. 204-223; 232-297)
Obligations and rights of all Christ's Faithful. Sacred Ministers or Clerics: Formation, Incardination, and Specific Obligations and Rights. Loss of Clerical State. Personal Prelatures.
Christ's Faithful - II: The Laity / Associations (Bk. II, cc. 204-231; 298-329)
Obligations and Rights of all Christ's Faithful. The Laity: Specific Rights and Duties of the Lay faithful and their participation in the life and mission of the Church. Common norms on Associations of Christ's Faithful. Public and Private Associations of Christ's Faithful, different from the Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life. Special Norms for Lay Associations.
The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church - I (Bk. II, cc. 330-459)
The Roman Pontiff. The College and Synod of Bishops. The Cardinals of the Church. The Roman Curia. Papal Legates. Particular Churches.
The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church - II (Bk. II, cc. 459-572)
Diocesan Bishops. Ecclesiastical Provinces and Regions. Particular Councils. Episcopal Conferences. Diocesan Synod and Curia. Diocesan Curia Personnel and Juridical Entities. Parishes, Parish Priests and Assistant Parish Priests. Rectors of Churches and Chaplains.
Consecrated Life - Religious Institutes (cc. 573-709)
Religious Institutes and their Governance. Admission of Candidates and Formation of Members. Their Obligations and Rights. The Apostolate of Institutes. Separation of Members from the Institute.
Secular Institutes and Societies of Apostolic Life (cc. 710-746)
Birth and Nature of Secular Institutes. Apostolic Constitutions Provida Mater Ecclesia and other related documents. Structures and Governance of Secular Institutes. Canonical characteristics of the Socieities of Apostolic Life.
The Teaching Office of the Church (Bk III, cc. 747-33)
The Ministry of the Divine Word: Preaching and Catechesis. The Missionary Activity of the Church. Catholic Education: Schools and Universities. The Means of Social Communication and Books in particular. The Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity.
Sacraments - I: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist (Bk IV, cc. 834 - 958)
The Sacrament of Baptism: Celebration, Ministers, Persons to be baptized, Sponsors, Proof and Registration of baptism. The Sacrament of Confirmation: Celebration, Ministers, Persons to be confirmed, Sponsors. The Blessed Eucharist: Celebration, Minister, Participation, Rites, Times/Places of the Eucharistic Celebration.
Sacraments - II: Penance, Unction, Holy Orders (Bk. IV, cc. 958-1054)
The Sacrament of Penance: Celebration, Minister, Penitent, Indulgences. The Anointing of the Sick: Celebration, Minister, Persons to be anointed. The Sacrament of Orders: Celebration, Minister, Those to be Ordained: requirements, irregularities, documents needed.
Canonical Marriage - I (Bk. IV, cc. 1055-1094; 1165)
The Nature of Canonical Marriage. Pastoral Care and Pre-requisites for its Celebration. Competence of the Church over Marriage. Impediments in General and in Particular.
Canonical Marriage - II (Bk. IV, cc. 1095-1165)
Defects Matrimonial Consent. Canonical Celebration of Marriage. Mixed Marriages. Effects of Marriage. Separation of Spouses and the Dissolution of the Bond. Validation of Marriage.
Acts of Divine Worship / Sacred Times and Places (Bk. IV, cc. 1166-1253)
Sacramentals. The Liturgy of the Hours. Church Funerals. The Cult of the Saints. Vows and Oaths. Churches, Oratories, Shrines, Altars, Cemeteries. Sacred Times.
The Temporal Goods of the Church (Bk. V, cc. 1254-1310)
The Acquisition and Administration of Goods. Contracts with special emphasis on Alienation. Pious Legacies and Foundations.
Canonical Sanctions (Bk. VI, cc. 1311-1399)
Offenses and Penalties in the Church. Penal Law and Precept. Persons liable to Penal Sanctions. Censures, Penal Remedies and Penances. The Application and Cessation and Penalties. Penalties for Particular Offenses.
Ordinary Juridical Procedures (Bk. VIII, cc. 1400-1670)
Legal Protection of Individual and Corporate Rights. Trials in General. The Competent Forum. Grades and Kinds of Tribunals and their Management. The Parties in the Case. Actions and Exceptions. The Contentious Trial from the Introduction of the Case down to the Issuance of the Final Sentence. The Challenging and the Execution of the Judgment. Oral Contentious Trial.
Special Processes I and II (Bk. VII, cc. 1671-1752)
Matrimonial Processes: Cases Concerning the declaration of nullity or marriage; cases concerning the separation of spouses; the process for the dispensation from a ratified and non-consummated marriage; case of the presumed death of a spouse. Cases for the Declaration of Nullity of the Sacred Ordination. Ways of Avoiding Trials. The Penal Process: preliminary investigation, course of the process; action to compensate for harm. Procedure in administrative recourse. The Procedure for the Removal and Transfer of Parish Priests.
Philosophy of Law
Nature and usefulness of this Science. Integration into the Ecclesiastical Curriculum. Correlation between Right and Duty, Right and Law. Foundations and Properties of Right. Juridical and Moral Order. Natural Rights and Its Properties. Positive, Canonical, Civil Right. Making and the Interpretation of Laws.
Constitutional Law of the Church
The "Perfect Society" and its authority. The Ecclesiastical Authority: Its Limits; its Legislative, judiciary and Executive Functions. Church and State Relations, agreements and conventions. The Vatican Council stand on this matter.
B. AUXILIARY SUBJECTS
Sources of Canon Law
The Sources and Science of Canon Law. Main Collections of Canon and Decretals of the Oriental and Latin Churches. The "Corpus Juris Canonici." Canon Law Glossators and their Work. Collections of Papal Decretals. The Council of Trent. The 1917 Code of Canon Law. Vatican II and the 1983 Code of Canon Law.
Concepts of Roman Law
The place of the Roman Law in Western Civilization and in the Church. The evolution of the Law. Juridical Capacity and Conditions of Persons. Roman Law Today.
Code of Canons of Eastern Churches
The Code of Canons of the Oriental Churches. Juridical Terminologies used in the Code. Rites and Persons. Matrimonial Law. Mixed Marriages. Pertinent Documents from the Holy See.
Theology of Canon Law
The Existence of Juridical Factors in the Church. Foundations of Canon Law in the Church. Necessity of Law in the Church: Various Opinions and Theories. Notion of Canonical Ordination. The Science of Canon Law: Structure, Methodology, Forms, etc.
Liturgical Issues in the Code of Canon Law and Special Questions on Liturgical Law.
Philippine Local Legislation
A Study on the Norms and Decisions approved and promulgated by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines for Implementation in the Local Church.
A study of binding legal decisions passed by Church Tribunals with special emphasis on Rotal Jurisprudence.
Practicum on Marriage Tribunals.
Theory and practice on how first instance matrimonial tribunals work. Hands-on experience on real cases by visiting selected matrimonial tribunals with the coordination of the Dean and the respective Judicial Vicars.
Medico-legal problems affecting the juridical capacity of persons under church law, especially those affecting the validity of marriage, criminal imputability in the breaking of the law and so forth.
A comparative study of Church and State Laws on Marriage. The Family Code of the Philippines and the Code of Canon Law.
Process of Beatification and Canonization
Special QQ on Religious Life
This course deals with the special issues and concerns relevant to religious institutes and their members such as: the juridical procedures in the establishment and suppression of religious institutes, provinces and houses; the governance of institutes; the admission of candidates and the formation of members; the competence of Bishops over religious institutes; the rights and obligations of the religious; the separation of members from the institute, and others. In the study of the different pertinent canons, which are in most part treated side by side with the provisions in the proper law of each congregation (i.e. Constitutions and Directory), the professor will highlight more the spirit of the law than its letter.
Methods of Scientific Investigation and Research. Preparation of a written dissertation by the student under the guidance of an adviser or moderator.